Of all ancient antique furniture sought out by collectors, Greek and Roman furniture are rare antiquities that command great price and value. Only Egyptian and Asian or Chinese antique furniture follow close behind. Greek and Roman ancient antique furniture are good additions to your living room, bedrooms, and even the kitchen because of their ancient, but unique form. Not only are they collector’s items, they also make great furniture for better home improvement. Greek furniture was basically constructed out of wood as well as stone and metals, such as bronze, iron, gold, and silver.
The wood used was mostly maple, oak, beach, yew, and willow. Pieces were assembled using mortise-and-tenon joints and assembled using lashings, pegs, metal nails, or glue. Wood was shaped by carving or steam treatment. Antique furniture is known to have been decorated with ivory, tortoise shell, glass, gold or other precious materials. Similarly, furniture could be veneered with expensive types of wood in order to make the object appear more costly.
The modern word “throne” is derived from the ancient Greek “thronos.” It is usually a seat or chair designed for deities or individuals of high status or honor. The colossal chryselephantine statue of Zeus at Olympia, supposedly constructed by Phidias and Pausanias, featured the god Zeus seated on an elaborate throne, which was decorated with gold, precious stones, ebony, and ivory. Less extravagant though more influential in later periods is the klismos, an elegant Greek chair with a curved backrest and legs whose form was copied by the Romans.
Other ancient Greek antique furniture were the “diphroi,” a backless stool, the “kline” or couch, and various low tables and banquet tables made mostly from wood but, reinforced with metals. To a large extent, the types and styles of ancient Roman furniture followed their classical Hellenistic predecessors. As a result of this, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate Roman antique furniture from earlier Hellenistic ones. Extensive knowledge of Roman antique furniture is researched from depictions in frescoes and representations in sculpture, along with actual pieces of furniture, fragments, and fittings.
Many of these examples have been well preserved due to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 B.C.E. The most well-known archeological sites with preserved images and fragments from the eruption are in Pompeii, Italy. The most common Roman furniture was the “cathedra” chair derived from its counterpart, the klismos. The Roman “solium” was the equivalent of the thronos and could only be found in the homes of the rich. Aside from the normal four-legged tables, the Romans invented the three-legged table for decorative and wall storage purposes since they fitted perfectly into L-shaped walls.